Gold – Hedge or Not?

By Cameron McCormack | More Articles by Cameron McCormack

In March we highlighted the differences between investing in gold miners and bullion. Rising geopolitical tensions and high persistent inflation has continued to generate investor interest in these assets. It has also generated questions from Australian investors about how they should access gold and gold miners. Our view is an unhedged exposure is the best way to get access. Here is why.


Let’s take a look at the correlation of the gold price in US dollar terms and AUD/USD currency movements since the Australian dollar was floated in December 1983. Correlation measures how strong a relationship is between two variables, in this instance, US dollar gold price movements and changes in the value of the Australian dollar compared to the US dollar.

In the scatter graph (Figure 1) below, you can see there is no specific relationship between the movement in the gold price and changes in the AUD/USD rate because the dots fall in all four quadrants of the graph, they are not skewed to any area.  There is no pattern.

One way to express correlation is a statistical measure called R2, pronounced “R squared”. The results of an R2 analysis gives you a score between 0 and 100%. An R2 of 100% would indicate that movements in the gold price can be predicted by movements in AUD/USD.  However, as shown below, the R2 is only 13%, therefore there is no evidence to suggest the two variables correlate.

Figure 1: Gold price (USD) versus AUD/USD monthly movements since 1984

Source: Bloomberg. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.


Now, comparing the movements in the two variables over different decades we see each decade produces similar, uncorrelated, results.


Figure 2: Gold price (USD) versus AUD/USD monthly movements since 1984 broken down by decade

Source: Bloomberg. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.


Because the two are uncorrelated there is no investment rationale to hedge your gold and gold miners exposure back to Australian dollars.

The decision to hedge your exposures is complex. Always speak to a financial adviser to consider your individual financial circumstances, needs and objectives and read the relevant PDS before making a decision to invest. Currency movements are unpredictable and volatile and are just one of the many risks investors have to navigate in these tricky times.

Any views expressed are opinions of the author at the time of writing and is not a recommendation to act.

About Cameron McCormack

Cameron McCormack is a Portfolio Manager with VanEck Investments. Cameron leads investment performance analytics for the firm and is responsible for trade execution for equity and fixed income ETFs. Cameron was previously at Pacific Life Re Australia where he worked in the pricing and client solutions teams. Cameron graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce majoring in Actuarial Studies and Finance from the University of New South Wales and is an Associate of the Society of Actuaries (ASA).

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